Generating Value by Using the Seven Basic Quality Tools
G U E S T A R T I C L E
Seven basic quality tools:
1. Cause-and-Effect Diagram is a simple yet powerful tool to use in a brainstorming session to quickly generate a list of many potential causes for an effect, problem, or outcome is the cause-and-effect diagram. It is also known as a fishbone diagram for its shape, as well as the Ishikawa diagram for its inventor Kaoru Ishikawa, who developed the technique.
2. Check Sheet is template-style tool used to collect, tally, and total data for further action and analysis
3. Control Charts are graphical tools used to understand and analyze process changes and variation, over time, as depicted in the following images. Questions to consider when using controls charts are:
- Is the process in control and stable?
- Is the process out of control with an assignable or special cause variation?
- Is the process out of control with systematic variation, such as trends or cycles?
4. Histogram is a graphical tool, depicted in the following images, used to display and analyze the shape of a frequency distribution of occurrences for a variable data set. Questions to consider when using histograms are:
- Is the distribution normal or bell shaped?
- Is the distribution bimodal or multimodal indicating a mixture of more than one process or input?
- Is the distribution negatively or positively skewed?
5. Pareto Chart is a graphical tool, depicted in the following images, used to identify significant categories on which to focus additional or continued efforts. Questions to consider when using Pareto charts are:
- Are there multiple main causes, such as the top left image?
- Is there a single main cause, such as the top right image?
- Is there no main cause detectable, such as the bottom left image?
- Is too much information captured in a miscellaneous category with no main cause detectable, such as the bottom right image?
6. Scatter Diagram is a graphical tool used to compare and analyze two sets of input variable data for a correlation or relationship, as depicted in the following images. Questions to consider when using scatter diagrams are:
- Is there a relationship or correlation between the two variables?
- Is the relationship or correlation strong or weak?
- Is the relationship or correlation negative or positive?
7. Stratification is a graphical tool, depicted in the following image, used to analyze separations or patterns in a data set, based on two or more input variables. Questions to consider when using stratification are:
- Do the input variables show differences in the patterns?
- Are the differences weak or strong?
- Are the differences in the same or different directions?
Attributed to Fred Barnard’s ad in Printer’s Ink in 1921, is the now often used and cited saying, “A picture is worth a thousand words.” A picture really is worth a thousand words, and using these simple graphical analysis tools can be very helpful and powerful.
Value Generation Partners wishes you much success in your pursuit of selecting appropriate quality tools, thereby generating greater value in your organization!
Using the Seven Basic Quality Tools is useful in combination with other LinkedIn Pulse posts found at this link.
Find more on related topics in Problem Solving for Success Handbook, which is available on Lulu.com and other book distributors in paperback and eBook. With the purchase of any handbook, the reader has access to a companion toolbox file containing all referenced templates.
About the author:
Rod Baxter is the c
Copyrighted Material: Pictures in this article have been extracted from the original article and are copyrighted. Title picture is not associated with the original writing.